# A Beginner’s Guide to Algorithmic Trading

May 1, 2023

Algorithmic Trading is the use of computer programs to make trade decisions automatically. It follows specific rules using mathematical models and market conditions, providing efficient and precise execution while minimizing human error and emotional biases.

High-speed information flow. Decisions in the blink of an eye. A rush of adrenaline. In the good old days, the frenzy of a stock trading floor was pulsating, with hand signals moving millions of dollars and brokers shouting orders across each other. Today, trillions have replaced millions and are moved silently across accounts by computers in split seconds, the only noise being the soft hum of computer fans trying to cool the frenzy now locked inside their machines. All is calm outside. Welcome to the world of Algorithmic Trading, where men no longer solely lord the floors.

Trading can be impulsive, or it can be rule-based. Academia and your average Joe have cherished beliefs that stock market prices follow patterns or can be statistically predicted. But, of course, to counter them, there have always been those who believe that stock prices are random walks. So the former has always tried hard to arrive at sets of rules by which a trader can predict prices. From drawing sophisticated charts to advanced statistical and mathematical models, all kinds of methods were invented to generate trading signals that would help a trader gain an edge over her rival. Moreover, having computers led to the belief that crunching large enough data sets would coax such patterns out.

But having patterns, charts and signals was not good enough—there was the problem of good order execution. As was to be expected, trading humans were susceptible to emotion, looking over their shoulders, getting swayed by the crowd and prone to making mistakes. So it was inevitable that the same computers used to crunch data and generate signals would take over the last-mile execution, and thus algorithmic trading was born.

At its heart, an algorithm is a set of rules. You program your computer and instruct it if this, do that. Your computer is unlikely to reply—My God, that’s crazy, or this won’t work, or I punched the wrong key (for that, wait till computer programs become sentient with AI). So the code will execute—and the only thing that would beat a program would be a faster, more optimised program on a faster machine. As was inevitable, it set off the colocation race where ever more powerful computers got placed at the heart of the exchanges to gain a nanosecond execution edge over a rival order for the best price.

So, to put across a formal definition of algorithmic trading, one could say that it uses computer programs to make trade decisions automatically. It follows specific rules (called algorithms) using mathematical models and other market conditions such as price, timing, and volume. Algorithmic trading is interchangeably referred to as ‘algo trading‘ or ‘black-box trading’.

##### Is Algorithmic Trading Software for Everyone?

Given that computers have taken over all aspects of the functioning of modern stock exchanges, be aware that even a routine buy-sell order for any security is ultimately being matched by algorithms today. Of course, you may not call it algorithmic trading because you did not base the decision to buy-sell on a program’s output. Still, in the broadest sense, stock exchanges are nothing but algorithms, their buildings only a symbolic presence. Trading now occurs 24x7x365 across the world, driven solely by code running on resilient networks designed to survive physical catastrophes in any part of the world without pausing trading. And you are participating in it with or without your code.

##### Conclusion

Strict safeguarding of investor interest is paramount, above everything else, especially for small traders and investors who are perennially disadvantaged regarding knowledge and information. As a result, algorithmic trading is regulated heavily without bias and without favour to create a level playing field for all traders. Hence, a new algorithmic trader would at least be at ease regarding systemic risks arising from the broader market when trading.

The benefits of algorithmic trading, like a high chance of execution at a predetermined price due to its swift speed, minimal risks of human errors without emotional sways, lower transaction costs due to more efficient order fulfillment and higher exchange volumes, etc., make it ideal for the newbie and the expert. Guess there is no looking back after this!

Algorithmic trading is the use of computer programs to make trade decisions automatically.

Algorithmic trading software can be safe to invest in if your trading strategy is sound and thoroughly tested.

Algorithmic trading has benefits like high execution speed, minimal risks of human error, lower transaction costs, and higher exchange volumes.

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The dashboard is a summarised view of how well your portfolios are doing, with fields such as Total P&L, Margin Available, Actively Traded Underlyings, Portfolio Name, and Respective Underlyings, etc. Use it to quickly gauge your algo trading strategy performance.

You can sign up with uTrade Algos and start using our algo trading software instantly. Please make sure to connect your Share India trading account with us as it’s essential for you to be able to trade in the live markets. Watch our explainer series to get started with your account.

While algo trading has been in use for decades now for a variety of purposes, its presence has been mainly limited to big institutions. With uTrade Algos you get institutional grade features at a marginal cost so that everyone can experience the power of algos and trade like a pro.

On uTrade Algos, beginners can start by subscribing to pre-built algos by industry experts, called uTrade Originals. The more advanced traders can create their own algo-enabled portfolios, with our no-code and easy-to-use order form, equipped with tons of features such as robust risk management, pre-made algorithmic trading strategy templates, payoff graphs, options chain, and a lot more.

From single-leg strategies to complex portfolios, with upto five strategies, each strategy having up to six legs, uTrade Algos gives one enough freedom to create almost any auto trading strategy one likes. What’s more, is that there are pre-built algos by industry experts for complete beginners and pre-made strategy templates for those who want to try their hand at strategy creation.

An interesting feature that uTrade Algos is bringing to the table is a set of pre-built algorithms curated by top-ranking industry experts who have seen the financial markets inside out. These algorithms, called uTrade Originals, will be available for subscribers on the platform.

Algos have the capability to fire orders to the exchange in milliseconds, a speed which is impossible in manual trading. That is why traders leverage the power of algo trading to make their efforts more streamlined and efficient. You can try uTrade Algos for free for 7 days!

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